Frequently Asked Questions

Who can benefit from vision therapy?

Those with learning disabilities, dyslexia, ADHD, poor coordination, brain injury, whiplash, lazy eye, concussion People with poor binocular visual abilities can lead to headaches, reading and spelling problems, math difficulties, poor sports or mobility, dizziness, forgetfulness, or poor concentration. This in turn can often result in poor self-esteem, depression, and strained family relationships.

What happens during a vision therapy session?

During vision therapy there may be simple activities using a balance board, eye patch, lenses, pencil, ball, bean bag. More complex specialized equipment may be used including software, virtual reality, tablets or touchscreen. These help the integration of vision with the other senses, and coordinate our senses with our movement. There are literally hundreds of vision therapy activities at our disposal.

How long will I be in VT?

A program of vision therapy requires a number of weeks, if not months to address visual skills difficulties. Skills are improved so that goals are met, responses are automatic and can be used without thinking:

  • In cases such as concentration, tracking, binocular, focusing, and peripheral awareness problems about 12 - 24 sessions are required.
  • In more complex problems of learning disabilities about 24 -36 seasons are required, and for strabismus 36 - 48 sessions are required.
  • For those with neurological problems such as concussion or stroke, progress is variable depending on the patient.

What about patching?

Patching the dominant eye to make the other eye "work" is done in many instances, especially in the case of amblyopia (lazy eye) known as occlusion therapy or penalization therapy. The patch might be the traditional pirate patch. Patient acceptance and extent of binocularity that can be attained are limitations to patching.

What is the cost of vision therapy?

The cost of vision therapy is not covered by OHIP but may be covered by private health plans. Typical VT programs are comparable to the cost of braces. Our staff will help with the paperwork. This fee is not included in the initial assessment.

Why do I have to do homework?

Like any new skill you want to develop, practice is a big component to become a master. Coming in for your vision therapy appointment once a week for an hour will not change or have lasting impacts on your visual abilities unless it is reinforced with daily homework activities.

Is it normal that my VT exercises give me headaches or sore eyes?

This is very normal when you are learning a new skill and using muscles that you are not used to using. If your visual system is weak, there may be symptoms that come up while strengthening the system. These symptoms should decrease over time as the skill improves.

Why am I doing body exercises? How does this relate to my eyes?

These are the foundational skills for a stable visual system. We must be able to control our larger muscle groups before being able to gain control of our fine motor muscle groups such as the extraocular muscles. It is also very important to know where you are in space and how your body moves through that space. Check out our Retained Reflexes and Vision tab for more information!

Have any other questions? Please email our therapy team!

Vision Therapy Resources


TEDx- Overlooking our Vision- Cameron McCordan

TEDx- Fixing my Gaze- Sue Barry

TEDx- Curing Learning-Related Vision Problems- Dr. Vicky Vandervort

Facebook groups

  • Vision Therapy Parents Unite
  • Integrated Learning Strategies
  • Vision Therapy Changed My Life
  • COVD



  • Helping Children Overcome Learning Difficulties- Jerome Rosner
  • Fixing my Gaze: A Scientists Journey into seeing in Three Dimensions- Susan Barry
  • The Ghost in my Brain, How a Concussion Stole my Life and how the New Science of Brain Plasticity Helps me get it Back - Clark Elliott
  • Active Baby, Healthy Brain-135 activities to do from birth to 5 ½ - Margaret Sasse
  • Dear Jillian, Vision Therapy Changed my Life too - Jillian and Robin Benoit
  • See it. Say it. Do it! - Dr. Lynn F. Hellerstein
  • Articles

    Convergence Insufficiency Treatment Trial